Dehydration is a lack of water in the organism. It happens for different reasons, but this condition is dangerous for a child. How do you find out if a baby is dehydrated? What should you do to avoid it? How should one treat dehydration? Can one mix formula with breast milk to keep the body hydrated? Read this article to learn everything you need.
How to Recognize the Symptoms of Dehydration
80% of our organism is made of water, so dehydration is a dangerous health condition. Parents should blow the whistle if they notice the following symptoms in their babies:
- dry lips
- a sunken fontanelle
- dry and wrinkled skin
- no tears when infants are crying
- dark urine
- dry diapers or only a couple of diapers per 24 hours
- excessive fatigue
Why Do Infants Lose Water?
Babies are vulnerable and can lose excessive amounts of water because of many reasons. The most common reasons are:
- bowel movements
- high body temperature
- frequent regurgitation
If a baby cries a lot or is sick at the moment, it will be necessary to replenish the water deficiency. Sometimes the situation becomes critical, and a baby can suffer. That’s why parents should watch over their child’s behavior and feed a baby more frequently if the diaper change occurs only three to four times a day. If it helps, everything will be fine. If it doesn’t help, the reason can be more complex, including kidney or bladder dysfunction.
How to Prevent Dehydration in a Baby?
Dehydration makes the whole body function wrong. So, it is better to prevent this problem than to treat it. There are several things to care for to avoid dehydration.
- Check for weight gain and wet diapers
Usually, a parent changes the diapers of a one-month-old baby over six times a day. Dehydrated infants lose weight quickly and don’t urinate as often as an average baby.
- Feed your baby regularly
A newborn gets water and nutrients through food. Breastfeeding guarantees all the required macronutrients and micronutrients to a baby. If an infant eats baby formula, it is necessary to mix powdered milk with the needed amount of water. Besides, a baby might drink pure bottled water in hot seasons and when sick. Nevertheless, one shouldn’t give water without a doctor’s permission.
- Keep 18-20 ℃ in a baby’s room
Overheating provokes dehydration because an organism wastes water to cool down the body. So, parents should dress their babies appropriately and air rooms to promise proper humidity.
How to Treat Dehydration at Home
Health experts don’t recommend treating dehydration or any other disease without a pediatrician’s consultation. A doctor can notice health problems if checking an infant regularly. If a child is dehydrated, it is necessary to move it to a place with proper room temperature and humidity. Breast milk and baby formula must be offered more frequently, and caregivers can mix formula with breast milk because 80% of breast milk is water.
One shouldn’t offer any other drink unless a health expert recommends the opposite. The wrong drink can hurt a baby and worsen its condition.